Question: What Happens If The Subnet Mask Is Incorrect?

What is Subnet Mask example?

The subnet mask is used by the TCP/IP protocol to determine whether a host is on the local subnet or on a remote network.

So now you know, for this example using a 255.255.

255.0 subnet mask, that the network ID is 192.168.

123.0, and the host address is 0.0..

How do I find my subnet?

The number of subnets is found by counting the number of bits by which the initial mask was extended, also known as the subnet bits. Our initial address allocation was 192.168. 0.0 with a mask of 255.255. 0.0.

How many subnets are in a 24?

Converting /29 gives 255.255. 255.248. This shows that the fourth octet is the interesting octet. Deducting 248 from 256 gives us 8 so the subnets are 0, 8, 16, 24, 32, 40, 48……2-3 Subnetting.Dotted Decimal ValueCIDR notation255.255.255.0/24255.255.255.128/25255.255.255.192/26255.255.255.224/2719 more rows•Dec 12, 2013

How do I subnet an IP?

255.248 or /29.STEP 1: Convert to Binary.STEP 2: Calculate the Subnet Address. To calculate the IP Address Subnet you need to perform a bit-wise AND operation (1+1=1, 1+0 or 0+1 =0, 0+0=0) on the host IP address and subnet mask. … STEP 3: Find Host Range. … STEP 4: Calculate the Total Number of Subnets and Hosts Per Subnet.

What are the 4 parts of an IP address?

IPv4 addresses are usually represented in dot-decimal notation, consisting of four decimal numbers, each ranging from 0 to 255, separated by dots, e.g., 172.16. 254.1. Each part represents a group of 8 bits (an octet) of the address.

Can a subnet mask be anything?

A common subnet mask for a Class C IP address is 255.255. 255.0. Each section of the subnet mask can contain a number from 0 to 255, just like an IP address. … The last section of each computer’s IP address can be anything from 0 to 255.

What is valid subnet?

The valid subnets are 64 and 128. … Answer: The valid hosts are the numbers between the subnet number and the mask. For the 64 subnet, the valid host range is 64-126. For the 128 subnet, the valid host range is 129-190.

Why is the subnet mask so important?

Also to be clear the purpose of the subnet mask is to determine which hosts are on the local network and which are outside of the network. Hosts can talk directly to hosts on the same network, but they need to communicate with a router to talk to hosts on external networks.

Should subnet mask be the same?

Subnet masks always work from left to right. Devices are said to be within the same subnet if their IP Address starts with the same digits, but ends with a different set of digits. … If the subnet mask is 255.255. 255.0, then the first three octets of all devices must be the same.

What does changing the subnet mask do?

Why do we change a Subnet Mask? It is a recommended procedure for increasing a DHCP scope when the current scope has entirely consumed the current subnet mask. However, this method requires you to change all subnet hosts and gateways.

Is subnet mask always 255?

hmm Almost every small network uses a subnet mask of 255.255. 255.0 and this allows for 255 IP addresses on that network. … A subnet mask is a binary mask made up of all 1, contiguous.

What is difference between subnet and subnet mask?

A subnet denotes a range of addresses that can be allocated to hosts, such as 192.168. … The subnet mask is the classical way of representing which bits are part of the network portion of the address vs. the host bits of the address. The subnet mask for a /24 network is 255.255.

What is a 16 subnet?

The last three octets of a Class A subnet mask are used to address hosts on a LAN; the 24 bits you can manipulate however you wish. … It saves you from typing, or pronouncing, the whole mask. For example, /8 means 255.0. 0.0, /16 is 255.255. 0.0, and /24 is 255.255.

What is an invalid subnet mask?

The purpose of a subnet mask is to demarcate the portion of the IP address that contains location information and the portion that contains identity information. The reason why the mask given is invalid is because it is not contiguous. The binary representation looks like this: 1111 1111.1111 1111.1111 1111.0100 0000.

What does IP address 0.0 0.0 mean?

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. In the Internet Protocol Version 4, the address 0.0. 0.0 is a non-routable meta-address used to designate an invalid, unknown or non-applicable target. This address is assigned specific meanings in a number of contexts, such as on clients or on servers.

How do subnet masks work?

A subnet mask is used to divide an IP address into two parts. One part identifies the host (computer), the other part identifies the network to which it belongs. To better understand how IP addresses and subnet masks work, look at an IP (Internet Protocol) address and see how it is organized.

What is a 192.168 IP address?

Using 192.168. 192.168. 0.0 is the beginning of the private IP address range that includes all IP addresses through 192.168. … One common IP address assigned to home routers is 192.168. 1.1. This IP address is used because the router is on the 192.168.

What is IP loopback address?

A loopback address is a special IP address, 127.0. 0.1, reserved by InterNIC for use in testing network cards. This IP address corresponds to the software loopback interface of the network card, which does not have hardware associated with it, and does not require a physical connection to a network.

What is IP subnet?

A subnetwork or subnet is a logical subdivision of an IP network. The practice of dividing a network into two or more networks is called subnetting. Computers that belong to a subnet are addressed with an identical most-significant bit-group in their IP addresses.

How do you connect two subnets?

How to Connect Computers That Are on 2 Different SubnetsConnect the computers to the network. … Connect the routers to each other. … Enable a routing protocol in each subnet’s router. … Allow time for the routing tables to update. … Log into one of the computers on a subnet and issue a trace route command to the computer on the other subnet.